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aluminum atomic radius

The chemical symbol for Molybdenum is Mo. Rhodium is a chemical element with atomic number 45 which means there are 45 protons and 45 electrons in the atomic structure. Bromine is the third-lightest halogen, and is a fuming red-brown liquid at room temperature that evaporates readily to form a similarly coloured gas. Curium is a chemical element with atomic number 96 which means there are 96 protons and 96 electrons in the atomic structure. The chemical symbol for Zirconium is Zr. Holmium is a chemical element with atomic number 67 which means there are 67 protons and 67 electrons in the atomic structure. Calcium is an alkaline earth metal, it is a reactive pale yellow metal that forms a dark oxide-nitride layer when exposed to air. The chemical symbol for Uranium is U. The information contained in this website is for general information purposes only. Its monatomic form (H) is the most abundant chemical substance in the Universe, constituting roughly 75% of all baryonic mass. Tellurium is chemically related to selenium and sulfur. References. (a) The covalent atomic radius, rcov, is half the distance between the nuclei of two like atoms joined by a covalent bond in the same molecule, such as Cl 2. This is at the heart of the problem. Gadolinium belongs to a rare earth elements (it is one of a set of seventeen chemical elements in the periodic table). Ruthenium is a rare transition metal belonging to the platinum group of the periodic table. The chemical symbol for Antimony is Sb. Zinc is a chemical element with atomic number 30 which means there are 30 protons and 30 electrons in the atomic structure. Like all elements with atomic number over 100, lawrencium can only be produced in particle accelerators by bombarding lighter elements with charged particles. Titanium can be used in surface condensers. The chemical symbol for Mercury is Hg. Friedrich Wohler is generally credited with having isolated the metal in 1827, although an impure form was prepared by Oersted two years earlier. the only one that has existed on Earth in its current form since the creation of the planet. The commercial use of beryllium requires the use of appropriate dust control equipment and industrial controls at all times because of the toxicity of inhaled beryllium-containing dusts that can cause a chronic life-threatening allergic disease in some people called berylliosis. Platinum is a dense, malleable, ductile, highly unreactive, precious, silverish-white transition metal. Fermium is a chemical element with atomic number 100 which means there are 100 protons and 100 electrons in the atomic structure. Platinum is a chemical element with atomic number 78 which means there are 78 protons and 78 electrons in the atomic structure. B. Actinium gave the name to the actinide series, a group of 15 similar elements between actinium and lawrencium in the periodic table. This is consistent with aluminium having an odd atomic number. Sodium is an alkali metal, being in group 1 of the periodic table, because it has a single electron in its outer shell that it readily donates, creating a positively charged atom—the Na+ cation. Iron is a chemical element with atomic number 26 which means there are 26 protons and 26 electrons in the atomic structure. Europium is one of the least abundant elements in the universe. Dysprosium is a chemical element with atomic number 66 which means there are 66 protons and 66 electrons in the atomic structure. The chemical symbol for Technetium is Tc. Cerium is also traditionally considered one of the rare-earth elements. Tin is a post-transition metal in group 14 of the periodic table. 2) You may not distribute or commercially exploit the content, especially on another website. What causes this trend? Aluminium (or aluminum in North American English) is a chemical element in the periodic table that has the symbol Al and atomic number 13. Molybdenum a silvery metal with a gray cast, has the sixth-highest melting point of any element. Beryllium is a hard, grayish metal naturally found in mineral rocks, coal, soil, and volcanic dust. Arsenic is a metalloid. Due to the quantum nature of electrons, the electrons are not point particles, they are smeared out over the whole atom. The metal is found in the Earth’s crust in the pure, free elemental form (“native silver”), as an alloy with gold and other metals, and in minerals such as argentite and chlorargyrite. Palladium is a chemical element with atomic number 46 which means there are 46 protons and 46 electrons in the atomic structure. In nuclear industry, especially artificial xenon 135 has a tremendous impact on the operation of a nuclear reactor. Terbium is a chemical element with atomic number 65 which means there are 65 protons and 65 electrons in the atomic structure. Figure 8.2. Samarium is a chemical element with atomic number 62 which means there are 62 protons and 62 electrons in the atomic structure. Lanthanoids comprise the 15 metallic chemical elements with atomic numbers 57 through 71, from lanthanum through lutetium. Selenium is a nonmetal with properties that are intermediate between the elements above and below in the periodic table, sulfur and tellurium, and also has similarities to arsenic. In addition to the minerals mentioned above, it is also found in granite and in many other common minerals. In 1761 de Morveau proposed the name alumine for the base in alum, and Lavoisier, in 1787, thought this to be the oxide of a still undiscovered metal. Platinum is used in catalytic converters, laboratory equipment, electrical contacts and electrodes, platinum resistance thermometers, dentistry equipment, and jewelry. Question: If The Atomic Radius Of Aluminum Is 0.143 Nm, Calculate The Volume Of Its Unit Cell In Cubic Meters QUESTION 2 For This Problem, We Are Asked To Calculate The Volume Of A Unit Cell Of Aluminum. Helium is a chemical element with atomic number 2 which means there are 2 protons and 2 electrons in the atomic structure. The chemical symbol for Yttrium is Y. Yttrium is a silvery-metallic transition metal chemically similar to the lanthanides and has often been classified as a “rare-earth element”. Silver is a soft, white, lustrous transition metal, it exhibits the highest electrical conductivity, thermal conductivity, and reflectivity of any metal. Tellurium is far more common in the universe as a whole than on Earth. Tantalum is a rare, hard, blue-gray, lustrous transition metal that is highly corrosion-resistant. Given that the atomic radius of an aluminum atom is 0.143nm, calculate the theoretical density of Al. Indium is a chemical element with atomic number 49 which means there are 49 protons and 49 electrons in the atomic structure. The atomic radius of a chemical element is a measure of the distance out to which the electron cloud extends from the nucleus. Marggraf had previously been the first person to isolate zincin 1746. It is an intensive property, which is mathematically defined as mass divided by volume: In words, the density (ρ) of a substance is the total mass (m) of that substance divided by the total volume (V) occupied by that substance. Technetium is the lightest element whose isotopes are all radioactive; none are stable. All isotopes of radium are highly radioactive, with the most stable isotope being radium-226. Thorium is moderately hard, malleable, and has a high melting point. Francium is a chemical element with atomic number 87 which means there are 87 protons and 87 electrons in the atomic structure. The chemical symbol for Titanium is Ti. It is a colorless, odorless, tasteless, non-toxic, inert, monatomic gas, the first in the noble gas group in the periodic table. The chemical symbol for Manganese is Mn. Argon is a chemical element with atomic number 18 which means there are 18 protons and 18 electrons in the atomic structure. Carbon is one of the few elements known since antiquity. Its properties are thus intermediate between those of chlorine and iodine. Gold is a bright, slightly reddish yellow, dense, soft, malleable, and ductile metal. In the case of Aluminum the ionic radius is .54 (+3) Å. Iron has an atomic radius of 0.1241 nm (1.24 A), an BCC crystal structure, and an atomic weight of 55.845 g/mol. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. The bulk properties of astatine are not known with any certainty. The chemical symbol for Potassium is K. Potassium was first isolated from potash, the ashes of plants, from which its name derives. But this “huge” space is occupied primarily by electrons, because the nucleus occupies only about 1721×10−45 m3 of space. Exposed rats steadily accumulated aluminum during the exposure period up to a lung burden of about 500 ug Al/g tissue.Only 9% was cleared during the 19-week post-exposure period. Cerium is a chemical element with atomic number 58 which means there are 58 protons and 58 electrons in the atomic structure. Of aluminium isotopes, only Al is stable. Nickel is a silvery-white lustrous metal with a slight golden tinge. A major development was the discovery that steel could be made highly resistant to corrosion and discoloration by adding metallic chromium to form stainless steel. The recycling of aluminum scrap metal saves over 90% of the energy required to separate aluminum … Aluminum (atomic radius = 1.43 Å ) crystallizes in a cubic closely packed structure. The chemical symbol for Hydrogen is H. With a standard atomic weight of circa 1.008, hydrogen is the lightest element on the periodic table. It has a melting temperature of 660 C. The electronic configuration of Aluminum is (Ne) (3s) 2 (3p) 1, and it has an atomic radius of 0.143 nm. The chemical symbol for Ruthenium is Ru. Lead is soft and malleable, and has a relatively low melting point. It is also the most corrosion-resistant metal, even at temperatures as high as 2000 °C. The chemical symbol for Beryllium is Be. The chemical symbol for Radon is Rn. The main drawback to its use is the large amount of energy necessary to refine it from its common ore, bauxite. Carbon is a chemical element with atomic number 6 which means there are 6 protons and 6 electrons in the atomic structure. The chemical symbol for Californium is Cf. Density is defined as the mass per unit volume. Indium is a post-transition metal that makes up 0.21 parts per million of the Earth’s crust. The chemical symbol for Sodium is Na. Sulfur is a chemical element with atomic number 16 which means there are 16 protons and 16 electrons in the atomic structure. Krypton is a chemical element with atomic number 36 which means there are 36 protons and 36 electrons in the atomic structure. Our Privacy Policy is a legal statement that explains what kind of information about you we collect, when you visit our Website. Discoverer: Coster, Dirk and De Hevesy, George Charles, Discoverer: Elhuyar, Juan José and Elhuyar, Fausto, Discoverer: Noddack, Walter and Berg, Otto Carl and Tacke, Ida. Iron is a metal in the first transition series. See the Wikipedia entry on Aluminium for additional discussion on the spelling of this element. ... Notice that aluminum is in the third period and gallium is in the fourth period. Oxygen is a colourless, odourless reactive gas, the chemical element of atomic number 8 and the life-supporting component of the air. In fact their absorption cross-sections are the highest among all stable isotopes. The chemical symbol for Curium is Cm. The chemical symbol for Calcium is Ca. Thorium is a chemical element with atomic number 90 which means there are 90 protons and 90 electrons in the atomic structure. The chemical symbol for Samarium is Sm. In nuclear industry, especially natural and artificial samarium 149 has an important impact on the operation of a nuclear reactor. Major advantage of lead shield is in its compactness due to its higher density. The chemical symbol for Berkelium is Bk. The chemical symbol for Nitrogen is N. Nitrogen is a colourless, odourless unreactive gas that forms about 78% of the earth’s atmosphere. Lutetium is the last element in the lanthanide series, and it is traditionally counted among the rare earths. Sources Lanthanum is a soft, ductile, silvery-white metal that tarnishes rapidly when exposed to air and is soft enough to be cut with a knife. Argon is the third-most abundant gas in the Earth’s atmosphere, at 0.934% (9340 ppmv). Thorium metal is silvery and tarnishes black when exposed to air, forming the dioxide. Praseodymium is a soft, silvery, malleable and ductile metal, valued for its magnetic, electrical, chemical, and optical properties. The chemical symbol for Zinc is Zn. Francium is an alkali metal, that has one valence electron.  The density of Hassium results from its high atomic weight and from the significant decrease in ionic radii of the elements in the lanthanide series, known as lanthanide and actinide contraction. and Gay-Lussac, L.-J. These electrons together weigh only a fraction (let say 0.05%) of entire atom. Calculate the edge length of the face—centered cubic unit cell and the density of aluminum. The oxide, alumina, occurs naturally as ruby (Al2O3), sapphire, corundum, and emery, and is used in glassmaking and refractories. It is the heaviest essential mineral nutrient. Neptunium metal is silvery and tarnishes when exposed to air. It is a noble metal and a member of the platinum group. The chemical symbol for Platinum is Pt. Our Website follows all legal requirements to protect your privacy. Elemental rubidium is highly reactive, with properties similar to those of other alkali metals, including rapid oxidation in air. It is the heaviest element that can be formed by neutron bombardment of lighter elements, and hence the last element that can be prepared in macroscopic quantities. The ninth member of the lanthanide series, terbium is a fairly electropositive metal that reacts with water, evolving hydrogen gas. Francium is the second-least electronegative element, behind only caesium, and is the second rarest naturally occurring element (after astatine). The mention of names of specific companies or products does not imply any intention to infringe their proprietary rights. Zirconium is a lustrous, grey-white, strong transition metal that resembles hafnium and, to a lesser extent, titanium. Uranium is weakly radioactive because all isotopes of uranium are unstable, with half-lives varying between 159,200 years and 4.5 billion years. It has an estimated density of 40.7 x 103 kg/m3. Titanium condenser tubes are usually the best technical choice, however titanium is very expensive material. The chemical symbol for Rubidium is Rb. Aluminum is a chemical element with atomic number 13 which means there are 13 protons and 13 electrons in the atomic structure. Rhenium is a silvery-white, heavy, third-row transition metal in group 7 of the periodic table. The chemical symbol for Strontium is Sr. Strontium is an alkaline earth metal, strontium is a soft silver-white yellowish metallic element that is highly reactive chemically. Titanium is resistant to corrosion in sea water, aqua regia, and chlorine. al. Shortly thereafter, the name aluminum was adopted to conform with the "ium" ending of most elements. Therefore, the effective nuclear charge towards the outermost electrons increases, drawing the outermost electrons closer. The chemical symbol for Carbon is C. It is nonmetallic and tetravalent—making four electrons available to form covalent chemical bonds. Hafnium is a lustrous, silvery gray, tetravalent transition metal, hafnium chemically resembles zirconium and is found in many zirconium minerals. By mass, oxygen is the third-most abundant element in the universe, after hydrogen and helium. It must be noted, atoms lack a well-defined outer boundary. The compounds of greatest importance are aluminum oxide, the sulfate, and the soluble sulfate with potassium (alum). Down the group, the energy level (or shell) increases. Its physical and chemical properties are most similar to its heavier homologues strontium and barium. Astatine is a chemical element with atomic number 85 which means there are 85 protons and 85 electrons in the atomic structure. Discoverer: Priestley, Joseph and Scheele, Carl Wilhelm, Discoverer: Ramsay, William and Travers, Morris, Discoverer: Ramsay, Sir William and Strutt, John (Lord Rayleigh), Discoverer: Del Rio, Andrés Manuel (1801) and Sefström, Nils Gabriel (1830), Discoverer: Lecoq de Boisbaudran, Paul-Émile, Discoverer: Ramsay, Sir William and Travers, Morris, Discoverer: Bunsen, Robert Wilhelm and Kirchhoff, Gustav Robert, Discoverer: Perrier, Carlo and Segrè, Emilio, Discoverer: Reich, Ferdinand and Richter, Hieronymus, Discoverer: Müller von Reichenstein, Franz Joseph, Discoverer: Ramsay, William and Travers, Morris William, Discoverer: Kirchhoff, Gustav and Bunsen, Robert. Bismuth is a pentavalent post-transition metal and one of the pnictogens, chemically resembles its lighter homologs arsenic and antimony. They are used to coat telescope mirrors and to make decorative paper, packages, and toys. Carbon is the 15th most abundant element in the Earth’s crust, and the fourth most abundant element in the universe by mass after hydrogen, helium, and oxygen. And that is why gallium is bigger than aluminum. Uranium is a chemical element with atomic number 92 which means there are 92 protons and 92 electrons in the atomic structure. In addition, aluminum has an atomic radius of 143 pm. The chemical symbol for Chlorine is Cl. The chemical symbol for Scandium is Sc. The chemical symbol for Gallium is Ga. Gallium has similarities to the other metals of the group, aluminium, indium, and thallium. The chemical symbol for Protactinium is Pa. Protactinium is a dense, silvery-gray metal which readily reacts with oxygen, water vapor and inorganic acids. Chemically, sulfur reacts with all elements except for gold, platinum, iridium, tellurium, and the noble gases. Rubidium is a soft, silvery-white metallic element of the alkali metal group, with an atomic mass of 85.4678. At 0.099%, phosphorus is the most abundant pnictogen in the Earth’s crust. The chemical symbol for Copper is Cu. Manganese is a metal with important industrial metal alloy uses, particularly in stainless steels. Lawrencium is the final member of the actinide series. Europium is a moderately hard, silvery metal which readily oxidizes in air and water. Although its electrical conductivity is only about 60% that of copper, it is used in electrical transmission lines because of its light weight. Barium is a chemical element with atomic number 56 which means there are 56 protons and 56 electrons in the atomic structure. The atomic radii decrease across the periodic table because as the atomic number increases, the number of protons increases across the period, but the extra electrons are only added to the same quantum shell. De Morvea… The chemical symbol for Europium is Eu. The chemical symbol for Thallium is Tl. Osmium is the densest naturally occurring element, with a density of 22.59 g/cm3. Chromium is a steely-grey, lustrous, hard and brittle metal4 which takes a high polish, resists tarnishing, and has a high melting point. Niobium is a chemical element with atomic number 41 which means there are 41 protons and 41 electrons in the atomic structure. The chemical symbol for Sulfur is S. Sulfur is abundant, multivalent, and nonmetallic. Because it has a smaller size so that the electron is harder to remove from the shell than the larger sized iodine atom. Osmium is a chemical element with atomic number 76 which means there are 76 protons and 76 electrons in the atomic structure. Neodymium is a soft silvery metal that tarnishes in air. By mass, aluminium makes up about 8% of the Earth’s crust; it is the third most abundant element after oxygen and silicon and the most abundant metal in the crust, though it is less common in the mantle below. The chemical symbol for Oxygen is O. Rank the following elements by increasing atomic radius: carbon, aluminum, oxygen, potassium. Like the other metals of the platinum group, ruthenium is inert to most other chemicals. Xenon is a colorless, dense, odorless noble gas found in the Earth’s atmosphere in trace amounts. Mendelevium is a chemical element with atomic number 101 which means there are 101 protons and 101 electrons in the atomic structure. ... What trend in atomic radius occurs down a group on the periodic table?What causes this trend? Consequently, the smallest atom is helium with a radius of 32 pm, while one of the largest is caesium at 225 pm. Scandium is a chemical element with atomic number 21 which means there are 21 protons and 21 electrons in the atomic structure. Tin is a chemical element with atomic number 50 which means there are 50 protons and 50 electrons in the atomic structure. The chemical symbol for Rhodium is Rh. (b) The metallic atomic radius, rmet, is half the distance between the nuclei of two adjacent atoms in a pure solid metal, such as aluminum. It is the eponym of the lanthanide series, a group of 15 similar elements between lanthanum and lutetium in the periodic table, of which lanthanum is the first and the prototype. Nearly all aluminium on Earth is present as this isotope, which makes it a mononuclidic element and means that its standard atomic weightis the same as that of the isotope. Caesium is a chemical element with atomic number 55 which means there are 55 protons and 55 electrons in the atomic structure. These have similar chemical properties, but palladium has the lowest melting point and is the least dense of them. © 2019 periodic-table.org / see also Aluminum is the most abundant metal to be found in the earth's crust (8.1%), but is never found free in nature. The chemical symbol for Nickel is Ni. There are over 100 different borate minerals, but the most common are: borax, kernite, ulexite etc. www.nuclear-power.net. The name xenon for this gas comes from the Greek word ξένον [xenon], neuter singular form of ξένος [xenos], meaning ‘foreign(er)’, ‘strange(r)’, or ‘guest’. This website was founded as a non-profit project, build entirely by a group of nuclear engineers. Helium is a chemical element with atomic number 2 which means there are 2 protons and 2 electrons in the atomic structure. Tellurium is a chemical element with atomic number 52 which means there are 52 protons and 52 electrons in the atomic structure. The chemical symbol for Phosphorus is P. As an element, phosphorus exists in two major forms—white phosphorus and red phosphorus—but because it is highly reactive, phosphorus is never found as a free element on Earth. Boron is a chemical element with atomic number 5 which means there are 5 protons and 5 electrons in the atomic structure. Vanadium is a chemical element with atomic number 23 which means there are 23 protons and 23 electrons in the atomic structure. Niobium is a soft, grey, ductile transition metal, often found in the minerals pyrochlore (the main commercial source for niobium) and columbite. For uranium atom, the Van der Waals radius is about 186 pm = 1.86 ×10−10m. The chemical symbol for Germanium is Ge. The chemical symbol for Aluminum is Al. The chemical symbol for Dysprosium is Dy. Copper is a soft, malleable, and ductile metal with very high thermal and electrical conductivity. Antimony is a lustrous gray metalloid, it is found in nature mainly as the sulfide mineral stibnite. Californium is an actinide element, the sixth transuranium element to be synthesized, and has the second-highest atomic mass of all the elements that have been produced in amounts large enough to see with the unaided eye (after einsteinium). Actinium is a chemical element with atomic number 89 which means there are 89 protons and 89 electrons in the atomic structure. 577.5, 1816.7, 2744.8, 11577, 14842, 18379, 23326, 27465, 31853, 38473 kJ/mol The chemical symbol for Caesium is Cs. Bismuth is a chemical element with atomic number 83 which means there are 83 protons and 83 electrons in the atomic structure. © Copyright 2016 LANS, LLC All rights reserved | Terms of Use | Privacy Policy, or search scientific literature at the Research Library, Harshini Mukundan selected as AAAS IF/THEN Ambassador, Rapid detection of bacteremia in human blood, © Copyright 2016 LANS, LLC All rights reserved. Thorium is a naturally-occurring element and it is estimated to be about three times more abundant than uranium. The elemental metal is rarely found in nature, but once isolated artificially, the formation of an oxide layer (passivation) stabilizes the free metal somewhat against further oxidation. The substance Marggraf obtained from alum was named alumina by French chemist Louis de Morveau in 1760. Caesium has physical and chemical properties similar to those of rubidium and potassium. Aluminum (atomic mass 26.98 g/mol) crystallizes in a face-centered cubic unit cell. The chemical symbol for Neon is Ne. Berkelium is a chemical element with atomic number 97 which means there are 97 protons and 97 electrons in the atomic structure. The atomic radius of Aluminium atom is 121pm (covalent radius). Because of its closed-shell electron configuration, its density and melting and boiling points differ significantly from those of most other lanthanides. Aluminum is a metal in group IIIA of the periodic table with atomic number 13, an atomic weight of 26.982, and a density of 2.70. Nitrogen is a chemical element with atomic number 7 which means there are 7 protons and 7 electrons in the atomic structure. Berkelium is a member of the actinide and transuranium element series. The chemical symbol for Niobium is Nb. Holmium is a relatively soft and malleable silvery-white metal. Thorium is commonly found in monazite sands (rare earth metals containing phosphate mineral). Barium is the fifth element in group 2 and is a soft, silvery alkaline earth metal. The standard atomic weight of aluminium is low in comparison with many other metals, which has consequ… Mercury is a chemical element with atomic number 80 which means there are 80 protons and 80 electrons in the atomic structure. The chemical symbol for Iron is Fe. On the periodic table of the elements, atomic radius tends to increase when moving down columns, but decrease when moving across rows (left to right). Aluminum is an abundant, light, and strong metal which has found many uses. Copper is used as a conductor of heat and electricity, as a building material, and as a constituent of various metal alloys, such as sterling silver used in jewelry, cupronickel used to make marine hardware and coins. Its monatomic form (H) is the most abundant chemical substance in the Universe, constituting roughly 75% of all baryonic mass. Increases down group because energy level shells are added. Because of its high chemical reactivity, barium is never found in nature as a free element. )The relative electronegativity decreases, and the atomic radius decreases.

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December 9, 2020

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